When an investor talks about market capitalization (equity value) he or she is alluding to a company’s market value. The bottom line, also known as net income, measures the overall profitability of that company. It does not go up when the equity value increases. However, when net income increases, it may indirectly cause the market cap to go up. Last year’s most lucrative company was Apple, one of the biggest companies by market cap, whose net income stood at $59.4.
The term ‘net income’ refers to the profit that a company makes from their operations. If an organization keeps net income rather than distributing it to stakeholders as dividends, then it adds to SE (shareholders’ equity). Conversely, market capitalization is the overall value that investors put on the due stock of a company, and it is generally different from SE.
Subtract your expenses from your revenues, and the amount you get is your company’s net income. Some of the expenses are depreciation, operating costs, taxes, and interested on borrowed funds. The bottom line can go up for many reasons. Usually, growth in sales results in the increase, but there are situations where the bottom line grows as the quantity of goods sold is flat. This may happen because managers reduced costs or made operating efficiency better.
To calculate equity value, multiply your per-share price by the overall number of payable shares. The amount that investors are ready to pay will determine the market cost of one stock. If they expect your company to perform well down the road, investors will bid up. If your company’s potential for earnings or growth seems bad, the cost may fall, albeit present net income manifests an increase or is stable.
Economists term market cap a dependent variable, meaning other variables determine it. A negative or positive change in the bottom line is among those variables. When net income increases, the market capitalization might just go up too. This is particularly true when investors conclude that the increase could continue down the line, by considering other factors. For instance, if an organization retains a big part of their earnings, then this increases SE. More significantly, for almost every investor, a positive change in the bottom line that is kept and reinvested is a sign that the company will grow.
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